Week-ending 4 December 2020
“They saw their chance to get rid of me, essentially. I think that it’s purely connected to the work that I do and my organisation does. […] Most of the borders are closed and we’re also faced with the prospect of family separation. We’ve been a thorn in the authorities’ side for years. Since the organisation’s founding, we’ve secured €25,000,000 for our clients. Many of them are from the North Caucasus, many of them have been accused of terrorism offences. Of course, in the eyes of the security services, we defend terrorists. The organisation has withstood the test of time for a very long time. This is pretty extreme, but it’s not the first time we’ve face these kinds of difficulties. I feel cautiously optimistic that the organisation will survive, although of course this is going to be a very difficult time.”
-Vanessa Kogan, director of the Stichting Justice Initiative project.
Source: The Guardian, 3 December 2020
Meduza, Thursday, 3 December 2020: The Memorial Human Rights Center has published a statement signed by more than 20 Russian activists, calling on the authorities to cancel their decision to expel American human rights lawyer Vanessa Kogan from the country. On Wednesday, December 2, Kogan — the executive director of the human rights group Justice Initiative — told the newspaper Kommersant that the Russian Interior Ministry’s migration department had cancelled her residency permit issued in 2017. Kogan has lived in Russia legally for 11 years and her husband and children are Russian nationals. She applied for Russian citizenship in September 2020. “I went to the ‘Sakharovo’ migration center in Moscow to hear the decision. The staff informed me that not only was I denied citizenship, but that my residency permit had been cancelled and I had been given two weeks to leave the country,” Kogan told Kommersant.
Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Civil Rights Defenders, Thursday, 3 December 2020: On 2 December 2020, Russian immigration authorities revoked the residence permit of our colleague, human right lawyer and director of Justice Initiative Project, Vanessa Kogan. The revocation was made on the spurious grounds that Kogan “poses a threat to national security of the Russian Federation.” Kogan has been given two weeks to leave Russia. The undersigned organizations regard the expulsion of Kogan as retaliation for her sterling human rights work and urge the Russian authorities to immediately annul this decision. Justice Initiative Project is a group of legal entities and human rights lawyers based mainly in Russia dedicated to addressing impunity for grave human rights violations and gender-based violence in the post-Soviet region. In Russia, the group has worked extensively in the North Caucasus region, where victims of human rights violations have had no access to justice or reparations. Over the years, the group’s lawyers have provided legal aid to thousands of people seeking justice for human rights violations, including abductions and enforced disappearances, extrajudicial executions, torture, and gender-based violence. The organisation is one of the most active in Russia in bringing cases to the European Court of Human Rights, with over 250 judgements issued in favor of the complainants. Many of those judgements, such as those concerning enforced disappearances and domestic violence, have set important precedent for the whole region. Justice Initiative Project has always been open and transparent about its work. The decision to revoke Vanessa Kogan’s residence permit in retaliation for her work, violates many of her rights, including her right to family life as well as her rights to freedom of association and expression. Vanessa Kogan, a US citizen, has lived in Russia for the past 11 years. Her spouse and children are Russian citizens and reside in Russia. The expulsion of Kogan will lead to disruption of their family life and, in the situation of the restrictions imposed in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, may result in a lengthy family separation. Kogan’s departure from Russia will entail a disruption to the organization’s normal operations, because she is also the director of one of Justice Initiative’s main constituent entities in Moscow, NGO “Astreya,”. Astreya will be left in administrative limbo and more vulnerable to attacks from the authorities. Ultimately this creates a real risk that access to the European Court of Human Rights for the Justice Initiative’s current and potential clients will be obstructed. The expulsion of Kogan will serve a double blow to the work of the Justice Initiative as Kogan’s husband Grigor Avetisyan is also a human rights lawyer and an integral part of the organization, coordinating its work on implementation of judgments and international advocacy. We are convinced that Vanessa Kogan’s work does not pose a threat to national security. On the contrary, her work has been important for contributing to the advancement of human rights, rule of law and social change through the restoration of the rights of victims of human rights violations. The reprisals faced by Vanessa Kogan are yet another example of how human rights defenders in Russia are being targeted and harassed by the authorities. It also provides a good illustration of the witch-hunt waged by the Russian authorities against international cooperation, solidarity and support in human rights work. This is not the first case in which Russian authorities have pushed foreign national human rights defenders out of the country. In 2018, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the expulsion from Russia on identical grounds of Jennifer Gaspar was a violation of her family life. Before her residence permit was wrongly annulled, Gaspar, a human rights activist, lived in St. Petersburg with her husband, a prominent Russian human rights lawyer, and their child. We regard the revoking of Vanessa Kogan’s residence permit as an unacceptable example of the wider practice of targeting human rights defenders. We call upon the Russian immigration authorities to immediately restore Kogan’s residence permit and ensure that she can continue with her human rights work without fear of reprisals.
Amnesty International, Civil Rights Defenders, Human Rights Watch, Front Line Defenders, International Partnership for Human Rights, Norwegian Helsinki Committee
Human Rights Watch, Thursday, 3 December 2020: Today, Russian authorities informed Vanessa Kogan, executive director of Stichting Justice Initiative (SJI), a prominent human rights group, that her Russian residence permit was revoked and she has two weeks to leave the country. Vanessa has lived legally in Russia for 11 years and is married with her family there. Now she must uproot herself and leave her life in Moscow behind. It is not clear if she’ll ever be allowed to return, but the prospects are dim. Vanessa is American, and her husband and children are Russian nationals. Several months ago, she applied for Russian citizenship. Today, the migration office informed her that her application was rejected and her current residence permit annulled based on a law permitting authorities to do so if a person is “advocating for violent change of constitutional regime or otherwise presents danger to the Russian national security or to its nationals.”