Masha Karp is a London-based freelance journalist with a special interest in relations between Russia and the West. She is the author of a recently published Russian biography of George Orwell and editor of the Orwell Society Journal. Her articles have been published by The Independent, Standpoint, The Spectator, Open Democracy, The Common Review, and in Russian by Inostrannaya Literatura. Masha was Russian Features editor (1997-2009) and previously a producer (1991-1997) with the BBC Russian Service. Her programmes on cultural, political and social issues are available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/russian/indepth/radio_archives.shtml. She also produced, presented and participated in BBC Radio 4 and World Service radio programmes in English (including Crossing Continents, Word of Mouth, New Europe, Assignment, Pick of the World and Outlook) and in the live BBC World Television show Europe Direct. Masha is a translator of English and German poetry and prose into Russian and has published translations of many writers, including Virginia Woolf, George Orwell, Dylan Thomas, W.H. Auden, Elizabeth Jennings, Alice Munro, Andreas Griffius and Nicolaus Lenau, as well as articles on translation. She is a member of the St. Petersburg Writers’ Union and the Literary Translators Guild in Russia and a member of the UK Chartered Institute of Linguists. She is chair of the Pushkin Club in Britain.